A MAN LOYAL TO LAWS OF FRIENDSHIP
Graduating from juridical faculty of Leningrad
state university Yury Khamzatovich Kalmykov burst in science.
Before that he had hard years. Yury Khamzatovich Kalmykov was born on Januaty
1, 1934 in Cherkessk, Karachai-Circassian autonomous region, Stavropol
region. In 1949-1952 years he studied in Cherkessk medical school. In 1952-1957
years he was a student of juridical faculty of Leningrad university, in
1957-1959 years - people“s judge of Khabez district of Karachai-Circassian
autonomous region. In 1959 he entered post-graduate course of Saratov juridical
institute. Since then his life for several decades was inseparably linked
to Saratov where Kalmykov was moulded as scientist and personality. Already
in 1971 he became doctor of juridical science after successful defence
of dissertation devoted to legal problems of self-financing. He passed
all grades of institute scientist“s career - assistant professor, professor,
head of sub-faculty of civil law of Saratov juridical institute.
Y.K. Kalmykov is eminent scientist, author of capital works on different
problems of the law theory and civil law, co-author and co-editor of manuals
and textbooks. Range of his scientific and practical interests was very
wide. He covered general problems of legal regulation of economic relations,
principles of civil law, economic and legal status of the national economy“s
main links, civil and legal responsibility and many other. Y.K. Kalmykov
was active participant of scientific conferences. Everybody remembers his
interesting speeches aimed at solving urgent tasks of the state-legal building.
In 1989 Y.K. Kalmykov after hardened competition became a deputy of
Supreme Soviet of the USSR for one of the Saratov electoral districts.
Since then Y.K. Kalmykov“s state and social activities began. An institute
professor, scientist-theorist, he revealed himself from the most unexpected
side. Y.K. Kalmykov was elected member of Soviet of Union of Supreme Soviet
of the USSR and became vice-chairman and afterwards chairman of Committee
of Supreme Soviet of the USSR for legislation, law and order. In 1990-1991
he was chairman of Committee of Supreme Soviet of the USSR for legislation.
At these posts Y.K. Kalmykov showed his worth as high-class professional
and gained deserved respect of all deputies irrespective of their political
In these years I participated together with Y.K. Kalmykov in drawing
up large legislative documents including Law of the USSR on property (1990).
I can say that Y.K. Kalmykov made substantial contribution to drawing these
documents which were and continue to be a base for further codification
of the civil legislation of the Russian Federation and the states of CUS.
He showed himself as talented organizer and co-ordinator of working process
and also loyal comrade and good friend.
After desintegration of the USSR“s structures Y.K. Kalmykov passed
on to Investigation centre of private law attached to President of the
Russian Federation to the post of vice-chairman of Council and in 1996
he became rector of Russian school of the private law. He participated
in drawing up of Civil Code of the Russian Federation and other legislative
documents. In 1993-1994 Y.K. Kalmykov worked in Ministry of justice in
the beginning as assistant minister and then minister, member of Security
Council of the Russian Federation. On December 7, 1994 he resigned after
expressing disagreement with the policy conducted in the Nothern Caucasus
including Chechnya. It was act of high civil courage. It is significant
that list of officials who signed obituary for death of Y.K. Kalmykov was
open by President of the Russian Federation. Was it a form of tardy excuse
and recognition of mistakes.
Y.K. Kalmykov combined responsible work in the federal structures with
public activities in the Nothern Caucasus. Son of the Caucasus, he suffered
from ethnic conflicts which raged there in the last years and did his best
to return peoples of Caucasus to united family of Russia“s peoples. It,
without doubt, undermined his health.
Y.K. Kalmykov gained high titles of Honoured Scientist of the Russian
Federation (1991) and Honoured Layer of the Russian Federation (1994).
However, the main thing is not titles but creative legacy left by him which
is still not estimated. He died like a man, in his homeland, going down
airplane“s ladder in Mineralnye Vody from where he had been going to Cherkessk
to conference of the Caucasus“ peoples. He was buried in his native land.
doctor of juridical science, professor